At times, we may come across a person suffering from a cardiac arrest. The affected may either be a family member or friend and we need to save their lives since they matter to us. In order to help such a victim, you should have CPR knowledge for administering first aid. Have you done any online CPR courses? If the answer is no, then you are definitely at the right place. This article covers all you are supposed to know when doing CPR to a person suffering from a cardiac arrest.
What is covered?
Detailed chest compressions and rescue breaths for adults
Use of an external automated defibrillator
CPR for children and infants
The duration of CPR
Whenever faced with an emergency where a victim suffers cardiac arrest, if you lack CPR knowledge and you are worried of your incapacity to give mouth resuscitation, you should do chest compressions which only involve the hands.
The most important stage of CPR is chest compressions. You are advised to start giving CPR as soon as you arrive at the emergency scene and you have called for emergency help.
Here is how to do chest compressions:
Place your palm at the center of the patients’ chest. Place the other hand on top and interlock the fingers.
Press the chest straight downwards using the weight of your whole body and not just the hands.
Repeat the procedure until professional help arrives or when you are exhausted and cannot do it anymore.
It is advised that you strive to give a minimum of 100 and a maximum of 120 compressions per minute.
Chest Compressions and Rescue Breaths
If you are alone at the scene, you may not be able to give more than 100 compressions per minute. If that is the case, you have to combine your maximum number of compressions with rescue breaths at half the interval. Use the following procedure to do rescue breaths-
Tilt the head up by the chin this ensures the airway is free
Pinch the nose using your thumb and the index finger to close it
Open the mouth of the patient
Seal the patient’s mouth using your mouth after taking a deep breath
Blow in the air as you watch the movements of the chest. Listen for exhalation of the air through the patient’s nose
Repeat the procedure until there is notable change or when professional help arrives
If you have another rescuer around, let them call for help as you do the compressions and rescue breaths. Doing CPR may be tiresome, hence you may need to swap with the other rescuer.
Along with CPR, the use of a defibrillator makes the process more effective. However, here are some safety tips you should have in mind.
An automatic defibrillator should only be used to unresponsive patients
CPR is required meanwhile as the AED is turned on until the pads are attached
AED instructions of placing the pads should be strictly followed by the rescuer
During shock delivery, care should be taken for all persons at the scene. Nobody should touch the patient’s body during shock delivery
Instructions for CPR
Danger- Ensure the place is free from any form of danger which may cause harm to you or others
Response- Use your voice and touch ton asses the responsiveness of the patient
Airway- Obstructions such as blood or vomit should be removed from the patient’s airway. Tilt the chin to keep the airway open
Breathing- Check the patient for breathing signs. If breathing rate is normal then place the body of the victim in the recovery position. If the patient is not breathing start CPR immediately
Chest compressions- Follow the above-given procedure to give chest compressions to the victim until professional help arrives. Remember to alternate the chest compressions with rescue breaths for more effectiveness.
While issuing the chest compressions and rescue breaths, be keen to observe any changes on the patient’s body. Body movements, breathing, coughing, and talking are some of the changes that prove the effectiveness of online CPR courses.
Mike Haynes is a Fitness & Nutritionist Who Believes in Living a healthy Lifestyle.He Loves to write about Fitness & Nutrition. He is also a expert advisor of Medical billing company which is dedicated to provide accurate billing of patients,daily fitness tips, detailed fitness guides & fitness gear reviews.
I am Holly, a 26-year-old health, and fitness instructor from San Jose, CA, who writes articles in her free time. When she isn't helping new moms get back in shape, you can find her in the kitchen, working on new recipes. Follow Holly.. @hollymsanchez